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Information for Authors


1. Submission of a manuscript carries a commitment to publish in Mobilization. Articles previously published in substantially similar form, or under consideration by another journal will be disqualified.

2. All submissions to Mobilization are evaluated upon receipt and, if judged appropriate, sent to referees for review. Revisions may be requested but it is not Mobilization’s policy to offer authors several opportunities to revise a manuscript. Manuscripts accepted for publication may be edited for style and for layout considerations at the editor’s discretion prior to publication.


1. Mobilization accepts submissions via mail or email. A submission packet consists of the following: Manuscript, cover page, and tables and graphs (if relevant).
Manuscript: All text must be fully double spaced and printed on one side of the page in 12 point type. Maximum length is 40 pages, not including figures and tables. All pages must be numbered. Please leave 1.25 inch margins on all sides. Do not justify right hand margins. Manuscripts should be saved in MS Word or WordPerfect (Excel is acceptable for tables, etc.) and be free of all self-identifying references, acknowledgements, or other clues of authorship. The first page should consist of an abstract of 150 words or less.
Cover Page: Including the name(s), titles, and institutional and email addresses of the author(s).

2. For electronic submissions, please use our online submission form.
European Submissions: Submissions from European scholars can be sent to Marco Giugni, the European Editor, via email at .

3. A processing fee of $US 25.00 is required for all submissions to the University of North Carolina office. The fee can be mailed to Neal Caren at the University of North Carolina office. Within the US, personal checks are accepted. Outside of the US, please use a credit card (Mastercard, Visa, or American Express) or a money order. Please make all checks out to "Mobilization."

4. Manuscripts that are accepted for publication must be submitted in their final form via email, preferably in WordPerfect or Microsoft Word. Editors will ask that figures, tables, and illustrations be in photo-ready format in proper fonts.


1. For guidance in the preparation of footnotes, citations, bibliography, tables, titles and headings, see recent issues of Mobilization. On matters not specified below, follow the Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed. (2003).

2. Citation:
All sources should be identified within the text by the last name of the author, date of publication, and page number. Page numbers must be specified when direct quotations are used. Pagination follows year of publication after a colon and a space. When possible, citations should be placed just before a period or other mark of punctuation. Give both last names for dual authors and use the word “and,” not an ampersand (&).
Example: Multivariate models were tested through the use of logit analysis (Feinberg 1980: 92; Netter and Wasserman 1974: 332).”
When the author’s name is mentioned in the text the following format should be used:
“In a somewhat similar fashion, Kriesi (1991) and Kitschelt (1986) discuss contextual factors deriving from the movement’s political environment.”
Distinguish multiple references by the same author by adding letters a, b, c, etc., to the year: (Tilly 1995a; 1995b). For more than two authors, give all last names in the first in-text citation (Snow, Rochford, Worden, and Benford 1986: 470) and thereafter use et al. (Snow et al. 1986: 465). Enclose references by different authors within a single pair of parentheses and separate them with a semicolon. When the series includes several references by the same author, separate these references by commas: (Johnston 2003, 2004, 2005; Koopmans 2004; Diani 2005).

3. Notes:
Endnotes (not footnotes) should be used, sequentially numbered in the text with superscript Arabic numerals. Source citations are made in the text, not in the endnotes. Endnotes will be allowed only for content.

4. Hyphens and dashes:
Do not hyphenate words at the end of lines. Use hyphens only in compound words. Please use the correct character for dashes (an 1/m dash) as punctuation—as in asides, parenthetical comments, or afterthoughts. These are to be distinguished from double hyphens like these--which should not be used.

5. Tables and Figures:
One per page, and located at the end of the manuscript, numbered consecutively. Indicate the location in the text with "Table 1 about here." Each table must include a descriptive title and column headings, where appropriate. If necessary, footnotes to tables should be headed, "Note" or "Notes," and specific notes referred to with a, b, c, etc. Use asterisks to indicate levels of significance; for example, *<.05, **<.01, ***< .001. Illustrations, diagrams, and charts should be referred to as "Figures" in the text. Upon acceptance of a manuscript, tables and figures must be formatted with 1.63" L/R margins, and 2", 1" T/B margins, in 10 point Times New Roman font. Refer to previous issues of Mobilization for table formats and styles.

6. References:
All source citations in the text must be entered alphabetically in a separate, double-spaced section, entitled REFERENCES, placed at the end of the manuscript. The reference section must be complete and include only references actually cited in the text. The use of “et al.” is not acceptable. Please list the names of all authors using the full first names. For titles of articles, the first letter of each word should be capitalized (except prepositions, conjunctions, and articles in the body of the title—see below). Because titles of books and journals are printed in italic, editors request that authors use italics (not underlining) in the reference section. If appropriate, include the original year of publication.

7. Books:
Sherif, Muzafer. [1936] 1966. The Psychology of Social Norms. New York: Harper.
Olson, Mancur. 1968. The Logic of Collective Action. New York: Shocken Books.
della Porta, Donatella, and Mario Diani. 2006. Social Movements: An Introduction. 2nd edition. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

8. Periodicals:
Kitschelt, Herbert. 1986. "Political Opportunity Structures and Political Protest: Anti-Nuclear Movements in Four Democracies." British Journal of Political Science 16(1): 57-85.
Snow, David A., E. Burke Rochford, Steven K. Worden, and Robert D. Benford. 1986. "Frame Alignment Processes, Micromobilization, and Movement Participation." American Sociological Review 51(4): 464-81.

9. Collections:
Goldstone, Jack, Ted Robert Gurr, and Farrokh Moshiri, eds. 1991. Revolutions of the Late Twentieth Century. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Johnston, Hank. 2002. "Verification and Proof in Frame and Discourse Analysis." Pp. 65-95 in Methods of Social Movement Research, edited by Bert Klandermans and Suzanne Staggenborg. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
________. 2009. "Protest Cultures: Performance, Artifacts, and Ideations." Pp. 1-29 in Culture, Social Movements and Protest, edited by Hank Johnston. Farnham, UK: Ashgate.

10. Websites:
Gerber, Beth. 2003. Spring Antiglobalization Mobilizations. Revised May 2, 2003. Retrieved June 15, 2003 (

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